If you love the fire of traditional round brilliant cuts, but prefer something a little more trendy, the Princess diamond cut might be for you. Designed for maximum brilliance, this cut is a relative newcomer to the diamond scene. However, it's popularity has soared immensely, making it the second most requested gemstone on the market today. Let's take a look at this square shaped stone and what makes it so hip.
The Princess cut has it's origins in 1961, when Aprad Nagy, a London cutter developed the Profile cut. Prior to this development, square cuts tended not to have multiple facets. They were referred to as Emerald cuts and failed to sparkle like those with numerous facets, such as brilliant cuts. While the Profile cut indeed, contained extra facets on the bottom of the stone and allowed more light penetration, it however, was not as reflective or light producing as it should be. Next came the Barion cut, which was developed by Basil Watermeyer of Johannesburg in 1971. This cut is considered the forerunner of the Princess. Again, the method of cutting used square or rectangular stones, but this time, with improved facets, so as to obtain maximum fire and brilliance. The Barion cut is believed to have been the subject of patents and as a result, any diamond that has been cut in a similar fashion became known as Princess cut diamonds. This is a generic term used for many shapes that are similar in style, thus, princess diamonds have been referred to squarillion, quadrillion and square modified brilliant cuts.
The Princess diamond cut is essentially a square version of the round brilliant cut. The extra faceting allows it to make good use of light and emit more sparkle and scintillation than former square cuts. Resembling an upside down pyramid, it has sharp, un-cropped corners and a distinct cross-shaped reflection when viewed directly through the table. 76 facets are typically incorporated into the design, but there have been versions that contain 50 and 58 facets. However, it can yield up to 144 facets, depending on how the pavilion is cut.
Now, what is it about this cut that makes it more popular by the day? Is it the name, brilliance or price? Truth be told, the number one reason for considering this trendy gemstone is for it's unique qualities. It rivals the visual performance of a well cut round brilliant, but has a modern, geometric shape. Another reason many are flocking to this design is of course, it's price range. During the cutting process, approximately 60-62% of the original rough diamond is used. For this reason, you can expect to find a princess diamond cut for up to 20% less than a round brilliant. Aside from the price, this style can additionally help compensate for diamonds that have less than perfect clarity. It can be used to hide inclusions better than the original square step cuts that have a larger, open table.
Stones that are cut too shallow do not particularly work with this style. The reason for this is that it can lose or leak light through the side, consequently affecting brilliance. Because princess cuts have sharp, un-cut corners, they can be prone to chipping, therefor a four prong setting profil kesim is recommended in order to protect the edges. Sparkly as it may be, this cutting style will not hide color. In fact, the stone's true colors may be visible in it's corners. For this reason, it is best to pick a color grade of G or higher.
Second to brilliant cuts, the Princess diamond cut is the most popular style around. Many have embraced this shape because of it's clean, modern lines. While not the traditional selection, it is an exceptional gemstone that gives off a unique sparkle, not only for the stone itself, but also for the trendy girl who wears it.
Soccer cleats have a variety of characteristics that should be matched to the playing style and the type of field. The cleats with removable stubs are a versatile option, but the players that only play on one type of field it is worth buying the footwear to match. Here are a few of the soccer cleats available:
Firm ground (FG)
The firm ground is the most popular option and a practical choice for wearing on an outdoor soccer field. The field should be firm earth and natural grass. The studs give great stability, which is appreciated for giving fast and multi-directional performance. But, the studs can vary. Most of the firm ground cleats have molded studs and either conical or bladed in shape.
Firm Ground/Artificial Grass (FG/AG)
The firm ground/artificial glass is a type of hybrid cleat that gives great versatility. The artificial grass fields are becoming more common, so it is important to invest in the footwear to match. However, there are still plenty of natural earth fields. To avoid the cost of having to invest in both types of cleats, the FG/AG Hybrids are a perfect solution for both playing surfaces. The cleats have multiple stud lengths and shapes for great movement and acceleration on the artificial grass and natural surfaces.
The soft ground option is great for the players that play on the outdoor fields that are often wet and muddy. For the perpetually softer grounds it helps to have longer studs that give the desired traction even on the difficult surface. The studs are often metal-based to give the highest level of stability. Also, most are removable to increase the versatility of the cleats, and even use on hard or firm ground with the proper studs in place.
Artificial Grass/Hard Ground
The AG/HG cleats are designed with stubs in higher numbers that are well spread and short in length. This gives the preferred traction on the hard playing surfaces. Plus, they are quite durable to last a long time, even when played regularly on the solid ground conditions. The hard rubber stubs give great stability and support.
The indoor cleats are the preferred choice for playing in an indoor recreational facility or gym. The cleats have no real studs and feature a rubber type flat outsole. They are designed with a lower profile cut and lightweight to give the right comfort and performance for ball dribbling and running. This type of cleat looks much like a common pair of sneakers.